TERİMLER (terminology)

 

Türkçe (Turkish)                                              İngilizce (English)                                      Japonca (Japanesse)

Ok yumruk                                                         Arrow Punch                                                      Tsuki

Orak Yumruk                                                  Sickle punch                                                        Hikkake uchi

Kanca yumruk                                                  Hook punch                                                          Shita zuki

Kalkan                                                               Shield                                                                    Soto uke

Kılıç el                                                               Sword hand                                                           Uchi uke

Burgu                                                                  Auger                                                                   Gedan barai

Omca (Bağ kütüğü)                                          Knee kick                                                           Hiza geri

Alt Tırpan                                                           Low kick                                                             Gedan mawashi geri

Orta tırpan                                                          Round kick                                                         Chuda mawashi geri

Üst tırpan                                                            High kick                                                            Jodan mawashi geri

Ön tekme                                                            Front kick                                                           Mae geri

Yan tekme                                                           Side kick                                                             Yoko geri

Art tekme                                                            Back kick                                                           Ushiro geri

Art orak tekme                                                Backround hook kick                                     Ushiro mawashi kake geri

Eklem tekmesi                                                 Joint kick                                                             Kansetsu geri

Döner dirsek                                                      Elbow strike                                                        Hiji (enpi) uchi

Gökkuşağı                                                          Rainbow                                                               Enkei uke

4 hilal                                                                   4 crescent                                                           4 hangetsu

1.hilal                                                                   1stcrescent                                                          Hitotsu no hangetsu

2.hilal                                                                   2ndcrescent                                                          Futatsu no hangetsu         

3.hilal                                                                   3rdcrescent                                                          Mitsu no hangetsu

4.hilal                                                                   4thcrescent                                                          Yotsu no hangetsu

Alt                                                                         Lower                                                                   Gedan

Orta                                                                      Middle                                                                Chudan

Üst                                                                        Upper                                                                    Jodan

Sağ                                                                       Right                                                                    Migi

Sol                                                                        Left                                                                       Hidari

Dön                                                                       Turn                                                                     Mawatte

Hazır ol                                                              Get ready                                                               Yoi

Duruş                                                                   Stance                                                                  Dachi

Süvari                                                                  Cavalry                                                               Kiba

Tola (Dolu, içi boş olmayan)                           Form                                                                      Kata

Rakip                                                                   Opponent                                                             Aite

Alaner                                                                  Practicer                                                             Uke-tori

Cenk Oyunu                                                       Practise with opponent                                    Kumite ni yori

Cenk                                                                    Match                                                                   Kumite

Toy (Acemi, tecrübesiz)                                  Junior degree                                                     Kyu

San (Unvan)                                                         Senior degree                                                     Dan

Toralp    (Eğitilmemiş yiğit)                            Beginner                                                             Kohai (Shoshinsha)

Tuyun (Ağa)                                                        Senior                                                                  Senpai

Aybar (Saygılı, görkemli kişi)                      Teacher / instructor                                           Sensei

Taygun (Yönetici, usta)                                   Master                                                                 Shihan

Tanyu (hakan, kaan)                                       Grandmaster                                                        Soke

Yabgu (Hükmeden lider, baş)                        Head of system                                                   Kancho

Mesafe                                                                Distance                                                              Maai

Atma / fırlatma                                                 Throw                                                                    Nage

Sarmala at                                                           Winding throw                                                 Makikomi nage

Ters sarmala at                                                Reverse winding throw                                     Ura nage

Cenkal                                                               To get position of military                  Kamae

Dur                                                                       Stop                                                                      Yame

Başla                                                                    Start                                                                     Hacime

Öngörü                                                             Prevision                                            Mikiri                                           

TOY TOLA                                                         BEGINING FORM                                             SAISHO NO KATA

SARP TOLA                                                      STOPPING FORM                                            SOSHI NO KATA

GÖREN TOLA                                                 SIGHTING FORM                                               SHIKAKU NO KATA

EGEMEN TOLA                  DOMINATION/SUPERIORITY FORM                        YUSEI NO KATA

DORA TOLA                                                    SUMMIT FORM                                  KIWAMI NO KATA

ASKER TOLA                                                  SELF DEFENSE FORM                                    GOSHIN NO KATA

CENK TOLA                                                     FIGHTING FORM                                               SENSHI NO KATA

OSMANLI TOLA                                              OTTOMAN FORM                                           OTTOMAN NO KATA

TÜRK TOLA                                                     TURK FORM                                                      TORUKO NO KATA

 

BENGİALP          : Yiğitliği ve kahramanlığı ile sonsuza dek anılacak olan kişilere verilen unvan.

                                  Immortality title.

 

BENGİSAN          :  Aynı anlamın bayanlar için kullanılan ünvanı.

                                  Immortality title for female.

 

SAYOKAN           : SAvaşçının  YOlu ve KAN’ı.

                                 The way of the warrior and warrior’s blood.

 

GOSHINKAIKAN : Kendini korumanın birliği.

                                     Unity of self defense.

 

Baş boyu                                                              Head Category                                    Atama no kurasu

Orta boy                                                               Middle category                                  Chuukan no kurasu

Ayak boyu                                                           Lower category                                   Shita no kurasu                                                                                

 

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